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A Study on the System of Innovative Education Based on the Training of Innovative Talents

A Study on the System of Innovative Education Based on the Training of Innovative Talents

In a recent article published online on the webpage of the Science Innovation Academic Frontier, Zhang Chuncheng of the Branch of The Media Arts, Jilin Business and Technology College, PRC talks of the steps that need to be taken to foster an innovative capability in graduating Chinese students. In spite of doing very well on standardized tests, Chinese students are not well known for their innovative capabilities. What are the bottlenecks in developing these skills and how can the bottlenecks be removed.

A major gap exists between current Chinese higher education models and the requirements of innovation oriented nation building. There is a lack of creative talent, inadequate innovative training models and low capabilities of college students. The Chinese higher education system needs a reform if it has to develop the qualities its students lack.

Innovative education seeks to develop students’ awareness, innovation capabilities and creativity rather than simply imparting knowledge. This type of education has three main characteristics –

• To begin with, the educational system has to encourage students to challenge the status quo.

• Education needs to develop the students’ subjectivity and enhance his creativity.

• Improve the quality of the student by developing his moral character, fundamental knowledge levels, competence and physical attributes.

The author also examines the characteristics of creative talent. He emphasizes that there are four key characteristics. These are

• The accumulation of knowledge, skill and experience which is a precondition of innovation. The student must understand inter-disciplinary issues and research accumulation.

• There must be an innovative consciousness wherein the student develops a sense of innovation accompanied by self improvement, hard work and enterprise.

• A spirit of innovation must be developed in the student. This will fill him with enthusiasm and positive energy. This will ensure that the student is capable of acting decisively and resolutely in the face of complex and unexpected situations and will persevere in the face of adversity.

• The student must develop an innovative ability that will guide him to collect information and seize opportunities. He must develop a multi pronged approach to problem solving and breaking the bounds of traditional reasoning.

To be able to develop such individuals, an innovative education system would need to be developed. The education system should stop being simply a conduit for knowledge transfer and actually go on to foster innovative talents. This can be achieved if the curriculum is made less rigid by reducing mandatory subjects and increasing electives. Students should also be encouraged to choose cross disciplinary and cross grade courses. A system of extracurricular credits should be established which encourages students to display other facets of their personality. The credit system needs to be revamped to be more flexible and allow students the flexibility to select courses, teachers and exercise their autonomy.

Teaching itself has to become more innovative. It needs to provide space for the student to think, explore, discover and innovate. The teacher’s role must change from a teacher to a guide and communication between students and teachers must become more open and bi-directional. Students have to be encouraged to develop divergent thinking and study independently.

It is essential for teachers to be innovation oriented as well. Teachers would have to deepen the teaching content, methods and means and reform the examination process. This innovative spirit will prove infectious and help students develop their own innovative capabilities.

Finally, the appraisal system must change to be able to value the students’ personality. A quality evaluation index must be built which values knowledge, ability and quality in students and helps develop all of them in a coordinated manner. Assessment must encompass self assessment, peer assessment, group evaluation, teacher evaluation and so on. Examination reform is also required so that theoretical knowledge and practical capabilities are both valued. Only such reform of the education system will bring about the changes in the innovative capabilities of the individual.

Note: The preceding is a summary of an article found though our research, and is provided here with editorial comment for members only. Please see the full article at the following link for full original content.

The New Asia Innovation Team